Senatus Academicus Minutes, Part 2 (1812-1819)
The Senatus Academicus then adjourned to meet at Athens on the first Monday in August next.
Duncan G. Campbell D.B. Mitchell
Secretary of the University Govr & President
Milledgeville, Senate Chamber
November 9th 1812
Agreeably to an Act of the General Assembly passed the 16th day of December 1811, the following Members of the Senatus Academicus appeared and took their seats, to wit,
The Honorable William Rabun, President of the Senate, & the honorable Benjamin Whitaker Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Messrs Blair, Irwin, Stevens,
Byne, Leigh, Talbot,
Cook, Nisbet, Tharpe,
Crane, Owens, Ware,
Fort, Parks, Watkins;
Mr. President Brown, Messrs Early & Upson.
There being a Board of Visitors but not of the Trustees, so as in terms of the law, to constitute a Senatus Academicus, the Members present adjourned to Meet tomorrow evening in this place at 3 oClock.
Milledgeville Senate Chamber
November 10th 1812
Pursuant to adjournment the following members of the Board of Visitors attended to wit, the Honble Wm Rabun President of the Senate – Messrs Blair, Byne, Cook, Crane, fort, Hatcher, Irwin, Leigh, Nisbit, Owens, park, Pope, Pray, Stevens, Talbot, Tharpe, Ware & Watkins –
And the following members of the Board of Trustees, To wit, Messrs Early, Paine, & Upson, together with Mr. President Brown – and there being a majority of both Board the Senatus Academicus was formed The Honble Wm Rabun President of Senate in the Chair.
On Motion of Mr. Irwin the Board called upon the Board of trustees to lay before the Senatus Academicus in terms of the law passed by the General Assembly the 16th Decr 1811 a Statement of the receipts & expenditures, also the number of Students, their names, their different Studies & the amount of tuition money, which was accordingly done in a report from that body, together with a full account of all their proceedings during the last Collegiate year, which being read & examined by the
Senatus Academicus were ordered to be laid before the Legislature as the report of this Board in compliance with the before mentioned act.
On Motion of Mr. Irwin the Board then adjourned Sine die.
A.S. Clayton Secy
Milledgeville, Senate Chamber
November 8th 1813
This being the day appointed by the law for the meeting of the Senatus Academicus – Present.
His Excellency Governor early & Mr. President Brown.
Of the Trustees, Messrs Abbot, Paine & Upson, Of the Visitors Messrs Rabun, Baker, Battel, Blair, Byne, Cook, Fort, Foster, Fulwood, Hardie, Irwin, Lumpkin, Nesbit, Piles, Pope, Powell, Scruggs, Spalding, Swain, Watkins & Winn –
The Board of Trustees laid before the Senatus Academicus, a report consisting of a Statement of the proceedings of the Trustees since the 10th of November last, an account of the number of Studies of the Student College, & an abstract of the funds of the University a list of the debts to & from the University together with an exhibit of the receipts & expenditures of the last year, which being severally read & examined was on motion of Mr. Spalding ordered to be laid before the General
Assembly by the Secretary of the University.
The Board then adjourned Sine die.
Attest Peter Early
A. S. Clayton Secy Governor & President
Milledgeville, Senate Chamber
November 14th 1814
This being the day appointed by law for the meeting of the Senatus Academicus a majority of Board Visitors attended in their places, but there not being a majority of the Board of Trustees of the University, the members present adjourned till to morrow evening half after 3 oClock.
Tuesday Evening Novr 15th
A majority of both Board being present, the Senatus Academicus was anounced (sic) as formed, when the President of the University laid before that body his annual Communication, containing an account of the Condition of the College, its number of students, their respective studies, & a Statement of the amount of tuition money – which was accompanied by a report of the Treasurer of the institution, exhibiting a Statement of the funds of
the University - & the same being read & examined Mr. Walker offered the following resolution, to wit,
Resolved that it is expedient & essentially necessary to the furtherance and advancement of the Institution, that a library should be provided therefore; And it appearing from the report of the Treasurer that the funds of the Institution are not adequate to the attainment of this desirable object – be it further resolved that application be made to the Legislature now in session for a loan of two thousand dollars to be applied to that purpose – which resolution being received & read was agreed to
Mr. Talbot laid on the table (a statement) of the funds & condition of the Academy of Wilkes County, communicated by the Trustees of said Academy.
Mr. Walker offered the following Resolution, to wit,
Resolved that a committee be appointed to enquire into the expediency of selling that lands belonging to the Trust & vesting the funds arising from such sale in Bank Stock, & that they report to this Board at their next meeting – And the Same being received & read was agreed to, the following Committee appointed, to wit, Messrs Walker, Rabun, Cook, Cuthbert, & Abbot.
Mr. Foster offered the following resolution which was received & agreed to, to wit, Resolved that the Secretary of this Board lay before the General Assembly at this session, the proceeding of the present Senatus Academicus so soon as they have closed their deliberations.
The Board then adjourned till to morrow Evening 4 oClock.
Wednesday Evening Novr 16th
Mr. Walker from the Committee appointed made the following report which was received, read & agreed to by the Senatus Academicus, to wit,
“The Committee to whom was referred the subject of enquiring into expediency of making sale of the lands belonging to the University of Georgia – Report, That they have enquired of persons acquainted with the situation of those lands & have received the information that they are at present under a lease which will expire on the 25th day of December 1817. That by being constantly leased, and, they have become very much impoverished by cultivation & the want of proper dare – The fences & plantations much out of order & the value of the property dayly & sensibly diminishing – That from such diminution of value, the difficulty of making collections & other circumstances connected with leasing, your Committee are of opinion that the fund arising from this source will not be commensurate with the necessities of the Institution, much less will
a sufficient fund be derived therefrom to enable the Trustees to place the Institution upon the high ground of respectability so ardently wished for by every friend of science & Literature. The therefore recommend that the lands be sold (under the Superintendence of the President of the University and any one or more of the Trustees, either at private sale or public outcry) to the highest bidder at such place as they or a majority of them shall select for that purpose in this State after six months notice in the public news papers of Milledgeville, Athens, Washington, Augusta & Savannah, upon a credit of one, two or three years – (The purchaser giving to the Trustees bond with approved security, together with a mortgage on the premises, for the payment of the purchase Money – If sold at public outcry the President and the attending Trustee or Trustees having the privelege of bidding in behalf of the University so that the said land may sell for its value & the money arising from said sale when collected shall after defraying the debts of the institution, be by the Trustees vested in Bank Stock of the Bank of Augusta or Planters Bank, or of the funds of the United States for the benefit of the University of Georgia –
Resolved that application be made to the Legislature of Georgia to pass an act authorising the sale of the lands belonging to the University upon the terms & conditions herein expressed.
The Board then adjourned Sine die
Attest Peter Early
A.S. Clayton Secy Governor & President
Milledgeville, Senate Chamber
November 14th 1815
This day being the day for annual meeting of the Senatus Academicus, the following members of the Board of visitors attended to wit,
his Excellency D.B. Mitchell – Messrs Blackman, Bird, Bracewell Charlton, Cleveland, Cook, Cuthbert, Daniel Foster, Hamilton, Hardee, Harden, Harris Hatcher, Hudson, Hudspeth, Knight, Milton Montgomery, Newsome, Nowlan, Pyles, Robertson, Swain, Talbot, Walker, ware Williams & Wimberly.
Of the Trustees Messrs President Brown, Paine & Abbot –
His Excellency the Governor declared the board of visitors to be formed – But the Board of trustees failing to attend, the Board of Visitors deemed themselves unauthorized to transact business without their cooperation, and
On motion of Mr. Cuthbert
The Board of Visitors adjourned
Attest D.B. Mitchell
A.S. Clayton Governor
Senate Chamber. Milledgeville
Monday Novr 11. 1816
This being the day appointed by law for the meeting of the Senatus Academicus, the following members were present to wit, Of the Board of Visitors, His Excellency Governor Mitchell, the Honorable William Rabun President of the Senate, Messrs Beasley, Blackshear, Burke, Charlton, Cleveland, Cullens, Early Foster Griffin, Harden, Harris, Hatcher Henley Hogg, Hopkins, Hudspeth, Kell Lockhart, Nathl Mitchell, Montgomery, Newsome Nowlan, Pope, Pray, Reid, Sorrels, Swain, Talbot, Wade, Walker, & Wimberly –
Of the Board of Trustees Mr. President of Brown, and Messrs Early, Paine, Abbot, Charlton, Wayne ,Ware, Clayton, Meriwether and Cobb.
There being a majority of both Boards, the Senatus Academicus was announced as formed and ready for business. Whereupon the President of the University laid before the Board his annual communication, which was read by him.
The Board then adjourned until tomorrow evening 4 o’clock –
Tuesday Novr 12. 1816
The Senatus Academicus convened pursuant to adjournment, Present His Excellency Governor Mitchell, The Honorable William Rabun President of the Senate a majority of the Board of visitors, and the following members of the Board of Trustees, namely Messrs
Early, Paine, Abbot, Ware, Clayton, Meriwether and Cobb.
Read the minutes of the last meeting.
On motion of Mr. Clayton Resolved, That the annual report of the Board of Trustees, be now laid before the Senatus Academicus.
Whereupon the Treasurer’s statement, exhibiting an account of the receipts and disbursements upon the funs, the amount of tuition, and the debts due to and owing by, the trustees – A schedule of the bonds and mortgages taken to secure the payment of the purchase money of the lands of the University, exhibiting the amount of sales, already made, and the lots and parcels of said lands, which yet remain unsold – And the whole proceedings of the Board of Trustees, since November last, were severally submitted, and being read, were in motion of Mr. Hudspeth, Ordered for the present to lie on the table.
Mr. Hudspeth submitted a report from the Trustees of Meson Accademy (sic), exhibiting the state of the funds the number and studies of the students, & the general progress of that Institution.
Mr. Early submitted a report from the commissioners of the Greenesboro’ Academy, containing an account of the number of students in the Academy, their different Classes, and the various Studies in which they are respectively engaged.
The Board then adjourned ‘till 4 o’clock tomorrow evening. –
Nov. 13 1816
The Senatus Academicus met pursuant to adjournment. Present His Excellency Governor Mitchell, The Honorable William Rabun President of the Senate, a majority of the Board of Visitors, Messrs Early, Paine, Abbot, Charlton, Wayne, Ware, Meriwether, and Cobb, of the Board of Trustees.
Read the minutes of the last meeting.
On motion of Mr. Lasley the further proceedings of the Board of Trustees since yesterday were also submitted as a continuation of their annual report, which are in the words following to wit,
“Executive Chamber Nov. 13 1816
The Board convened pursuant to adjournment Present as yesterday.
The Committee appointed to examine into the laws and ordinances governing the College and to report the same to this Board, and what alterations are necessary to be made therein,
Report that they have made considerable progress, but are not able to lay before the Board a System and pray further time for that purpose. They recommend that so much of the first section of an act passed 16 December 1811, as vacates the seat of any Trustee who shall fail to give his attendance for two meetings successively; the latter clause of the fourth section, and the whole of the sixth Section, be repealed, and they recommend the Senatus Academicus to request the Legisla(ture)
(Legisla)ture to authorize the Board of Trustees to appoint a President pro tem. whenever it may become necessary, which was read and agreed to.
Mr. Wayne offered the following resolution to wit, Resolved That it is the opinion of this Board that the resignation of all officers of Franklin College, shall be made to this Board, which was read and unanimously agreed to.”
On motion of Mr. Foster, Resolved, That the aforesaid report of Board of Trustees as now submitted be taken up and considered, Whereupon the same having been read by paragraphs, was agreed to - - -
On motion of Mr. Charlton, Resolved, That the General Assembly of this State, be, and they are, hereby, requested, to pass an act, in conformity to the recommendation of the Board of Trustees, contained in the report of said Board, submitted at this meeting of the Senatus Academicus.
Resolved, That copies of this request and of the report of the Board of Trustees referred to, be addresses to the President of the Senate, and Speaker of the House of Representatives for the purpose of receiving the consideration of each branch of the General Assembly.
The Board then adjourned till 4, Oclock on Friday afternoon.
Friday Nov. 15. 1816
The Senatus Academicus met pursuant to adjournment. Present His Excellency Governor Mitchell, the Honorable William Rabun, President of the Senate, a majority of the Board of Visitors, and the following members of the Board of Trustees, to wit, Messrs Early, Paine, Abbot, Charlton, Wayne, Ware, Meriwether and Cobb.
Read the minutes of the last meeting.
On motion of Mr. Ware the following proceedings of the Board of Trustees at their meeting of this morning were submitted, To Wit,
“Executive Chamber, Nov. 15 1816
On motion, Resumed the consideration of the code of Laws for the government of Franklin College. Submitted yesterday by the Committee appointed for that purpose, and having read the amended the same throughout by section, it was agreed to.”
On motion of Mr. Ware, Ordered that the system of laws reported by the Board of Trustees for the government of Franklin College be now taken up. And the same having been read, the following Resolution
was offered by Mr. Montgomery, and was read and agreed to, To Wit,
Resolved, That the code of Laws and Ordinances, reported by the Board of Trustees, be, and the same is, hereby, approved, and adopted, for the government of Franklin College.
Mr. Nowlan offered the following resolutions, which was read and adopted, To Wit,
Resolved That the Board of trustees be and they are hereby authorised, and empowered, to make any additional rules necessary for the government of Franklin College, which may be by them deemed expedient, during the recess of the Senatus Academicus; which said rules shall be laid before this body at their first meeting next after the adoption of said rule for approval or rejection.
It was moved by Mr. early, and seconded, That that part of the minutes of the last meeting of this Board which requires “That so much of the minutes of the Board of Trustees of University of Georgia, as have been, or may be read, before this Board at their present session, as also the report of the Treasurer of the University, and the schedule of the bonds and mortgages taken upon the sale of the University lands, be transcribed upon the minutes of this Board,” be reconsidered. And the question being put to reconsider, the same was carried –
Whereupon Mr. Early offered the fol(lowing)
(fol)lowing resolution (to wit)
Resolved, That a resolution passed at the last meeting of this Board, requiring, “That so much of the minutes of the Board of Trustees of the University of Georgia, as have been or may be read, before this Board at their present session as also the report of the Treasurer of the University and the schedule of the Bonds and mortgages, taken upon the sale of the University lands be transcribed upon the minutes of this board, in order that the same be submitted to the General Assembly” be expunged.
And the same was agreed to.
Mr. Foster offered the following resolution to wit, Resolved That a copy of the proceedings of the Senatus Academicus, be hereafter, and at every meeting of the same transcribed, and deposited in the Executive Office, which was read and agreed to.
The Senatus Academicus then adjourned to meet again in this place on the first Monday in December next at 4 o’clock in the afternoon.
Attest D.B. Mitchell
John Hodge Secy Governor.
of the University
A CODE OF LAWS
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF
Of the government of the College
I. The government of the College is vested in the President, Professors and Tutors, legally elected, qualified, and introduced into office, styled, “The Faculty of the College”.
II. The President shall have power to direct in all matters relating to the College; to govern the undergraduate Students, and the resident graduates, and to punish all crimes and offences committed against the laws of the College, unless in cases in which the concurrence of the Professors, and Tutors, is made necessary by law.
III. The Professors and Tutors shall have power to govern the undergraduate Students; and to punish by admonition and reproof, in private, or before the class; provided that they may not, in any case proceed contrary to the advice and direction of the President.
IV. The President may summon the Faculty to meet as often as he may think proper. He shall also summon them whenever requested by any one of the Professors. Such meetings shall always be held in some apartment for public use; and the President, or in his absence, the Senior Professor present, shall preside. In the President’s absence or in case of his death, any member of the Faculty may call a meeting.
V. The President shall appoint the times, places, and modes of recitation, and other exercises for each class, or individual student, and in such manner as in his judgement, shall be most conducive to the general interest of the Institution.
VI. No Professor or Tutor may set up any stated Lecture or recitation without the permission of the President.
VII. No student, who is an undergraduate, shall attend instructions of any person, who may undertake to teach any language, art, of science, in the town of Athens, without liberty from the Faculty.
Of Classes, Admission, Studies &c. -
I. There shall be established in College, four classes, which in their succession shall bear the usual titles of Freshman, Sophomore, Junior & Senior
II. For admission to the Freshman Class, a candidate shall be able to read, translate, and parse Cornelius Nepos, Caesar’s (sic) Commentaries, Cicero Virgil, and the Greek Testament, - have a general knowledge of English Grammar, write a good legible hand, spell correctly, and be well acquainted with Arithmetic so far as to include the rule of proportion.
III. Every candidate for admission to an advanced standing, shall be examined by the President, and one or more of the Professors or Tutors, or under the direction of the President, by two or more Professors or Tutors; and no such candidate shall be admitted to such standing in the College, unless he shall be found fully qualified in all branches of learning proper for the same; not until he shall have first paid to the treasurer a sum equal to the whole of the tuition money, which shall have been paid by others of the class into which he is admitted: unless he shall produce a certificate of his having been qualified for such an advance standing within the state of Georgia. And when any scholar, after a dismission, from the College, shall be readmitted, he shall first pay to the Treasurer a sum equal to the whole of the tuition money, which he should have paid, had he not been dismissed. Any scholar, however, who comes recommended from any other College, may be admitted without any pecuniary consideration to the standing for which he shall be found qualified, on an examination as before corrected, for the admission of candidates to advanced standing.
IV. The President, Professors, and Tutors, shall instruct the students in the learned languages, the liberal arts and sciences, and the whole course of collegiate literature.
V. The studies of the Freshman year, shall be Virgil, Cicero, The Greek Testament, Xenophon, Murray’s English Grammar, and Arithmetic.
VI. The studies of the Sophomore year shall be Xenophon, Homer’s Iliad, Horace, Vulgar and decimal fraction, with the extraction of the roots, Algebra, Geography, and Murray’s English Grammar.
VII. The studies of the Junior Year shall e Belles Lettres & Criticism, Logic Geometry, Trigonometry, plane and spherical Mensuration, Surveying, Navigation, Conic Section, Astronomy, Chemistry, and Natural and Moral Philosophy.
VIII. The studies of the Senior year shall be such parts of the higher branches of the Mathematics, as the Professor of that science shall prescribe, Elements of History, the Law of Nature and of Nations, and a reviewal of all the principal studies preparatory to a general examination on the whole course of the Collegiate literature.
IX. The Sophomores and Freshman shall recite three times a day, and the Seniors and Juniors, twice, at such times and in such manner as the President shall direct. The recitation shall on no occasion be omitted except when they interfere with other exercise required in the laws, or by special permission granted by the President.
X. From the time of admission into College all the students shall be exercised in private and public meeting.
On every Wednesday evening all the Students at the ringing of the bell, shall immediately repair to the College Chapel, or such other apartment as the President shall order, and pronounce pieces previously committed to memory, and receive such instruction in elocution as the attending officers may
think proper to give them.
XI. Every member of the Senior Class, shall, at least once in each month, deliver in the Chapel, an oration of his own composition, after submitting it to be perused and corrected by the President. In addition to this, the Faculty may whenever they shall judge it proper, appoint particular exercises to be exhibited in the Chapel, by the members of the Junior & Sophomore classes. All the Students are strictly forbidden to exhibit any performance on the stage which has not been examined and approved by a member of the Faculty.
XII. On every Saturday morning the two upper classes shall read compositions of the own, before the officers of instruction; and the Freshman and Sophomore classes shall read translations of their own, or compositions, as the tutor having charge of those classes, may think it proper to appoint; all of which must be written in a fair hand and correctly spelled.
XIII. The President shall arrange the time and places for the officers of instruction to deliver lectures in their several departments. All the Students of the Senior and Junior classes, shall attend the course of lectures, and shall, during the delivery of each lecture, take down in writing, the substance of all the principal points contained in said lecture, which writing shall, afterwards, be exhibited to the lecturer for examination and correction.
XIV. That the students may be taught to read English language with gracefulness, and propriety, the officer of instruction, shall frequently appoint to the several classes, exercise in reading; and teach them to pay particular attention to a just and correct pronunciation.
XV. Persons not wishing to acquire a knowledge of the learned languages, but derising to be taught other branches of education may be permitted to join either of the three upper classes, for that purpose. They must, however, be subject to all the rules of the college, and when they have finished their course, they may
receive a certificate, specifying the studies they have pursued; but shall not be entitled to a diploma.
XVI. Masters and Bachelors of Arts desiring to pursue literature under the direction of the President, and government of the College, may be admitted, and considered as a resident graduates, provided they pay the usual college dues, and be subject to the laws and government of the Institution.
Of the religious worship and order of the College
and of Monitors. -
I. The Officers of College shall be considered as having it in particular charge to require of the Students, the observance of moral and religious duties; and in order to (do) this, it shall be the duty of the President, Professors, and Tutors, diligently to watch over the manners and behaviour of the Students, and in all proper methods, both by example and precept, to recommend to them a virtuous and blameless life and a decent attention to the public and private duties of religion.
II. All the officers of instruction shall constantly devote themselves to the duties of their several departments, and to the good government of the Students, They shall duly attend the devotional exercises of the Chapel mornings and evening, and on public worship on the Sabbath.
III. The President or in his absence, one of the Professors, or one of the Tutors, shall pray, or read a prayer, morning and evening in the chapel, and read a portion of Scripture.
IV. During every Session of College, Divine Service shall be performed every Sabbath day in the College Chapel. The President or any other person, duly qualified and invited by the President, may perform divine service.
V. It shall be the duty of the President and other officers of College, to require of the Students, a strict observance of the Sabbath day; and whenever it may so happy that there shall be no regular minister of the gospel to preach in the Chapel, the President may appoint a Professor or Tutor or a member of the Senior Class, to read a sermon at the usual hour
of public worship; and it shall be the duty of every student in the College to attend with punctuality, and becoming decency, during all the time of divine service. And the Faculty have it in particular charge to punish every neglect of this rule as the laws of the institution and their own prudence may direct.
VI. Monitors shall be appointed in each class, whose duty it shall be to note down those who are absent from, come too late to, or depart from, prayers or any other public exercises in the Chapel, or any recitation or lecture on which the students are by law obliged to attend; which notes the absence &c shall be marked in a bill to be delivered to an officer of College whenever required.
Of the Rules in College
I. The President shall have authority to appoint rooms for the officers who reside in College, and rooms for recitations – for the Library and philosophical apparatus, and for the residence of the students.
II. The location of the students in their rooms shall take place, as soon as convenient after commencement in each year; and no student shall be removed by the President from the room assigned him, for the current year, except by his own request or bad conduct.
If any student shall remove out of the room assigned him, into any other, without permission, he may be punished as the Faculty, may think proper, and the circumstances of the case require.
IV. No student shall be allowed to make any alteration on his room without permissions from the President.
V. Every student shall be responsible for all damages done to his room, during his residence in it, unless such student shall discover, and report to the President, the person who did the injury.
VI. Damages done to the doors, windows, or any other part of the entries of College, when the offender cannot be discovered, shall be equally divided among the Students, residing on each side of such entry. Damages done to the Chapel or any public room, when the offender cannot be discovered, shall be equally divided among the Students and charged in their quarter bills; and the Professors and Tutors of the College shall be made liable for the damages aforesaid, unless they rigidly enforce the two preceding rules.
VII. Want of cleanliness in rooms or passages shall be remedied
by the Faculty, under the like regulations as are prescribed in the two preceding rules for damages done to the Collegiate building, and charged in the quarter bills.
VIII. If any Student be vexatious to his room-mates, or make any indecent or improper noise in his room, or play any musical instrument in study hours, or on Sabbath days, or admit any unlawful, or riotous, or noisy meetings of Students, or other persons in hi room, or otherwise disturb the peace and harmony of the college, he shall be liable to fines admonition, suspension, rustication or expulsion, as the case may require.
IX. The rooms shall be visited once or twice every day by some officer of College, as the President may think proper to direct, and at such times as the visiting officer may think most expedient for preserving good order and attention to study.
X. If any student shall delay, or refuse, to open the door of his room when required to do it by one of the Faculty, he shall be liable to suspension, or expulsion, and the Faculty, when they deem it necessary, may break open any room in College, at the expense of those who have refused admission.
XI. If the apartment in College should not be sufficient to receive and accommodate all the Students, the Faculty may give liberty, to as many as necessity shall require, to reside in private families of good repute in the town of Athens.
XII. No student shall be allowed to occupy any room in College during the time of vacation without special permission from the President. And any student may be removed at any time, for making or suffering noise or disorder in his room.
Of Sessions, Vacations, and other appropriations
I. The Students shall convene on the first Monday in February and shall continue in session until the se(cond)
(se)cond Monday in July, at which time the Commencement shall take place, and after a short vacation of ten days, they shall return to their studies, and remain in session until the second Monday in December, from which last mentioned day to the first Monday in February, there shall be a vacation.
II. The Faculty are authorised to assign to the Students, such exercises or studies for the vacations as may be suitable for their standing in their respective classes, and the students may be examined on these studies when they return to College.
III. Whilst in sessions the students shall convene at sunrise in the morning, in the College Chapel to attend prayers; from thence they shall retire, either to attend recitations, or to pursue their studies, until they are summoned to breakfast; at nine o’clock they shall return to their studies, and continue in their rooms until twelve, unless summoned to recitation; between twelve and two, they shall repair to dinner when summoned; and at two return to their rooms, and continue at study until five unless summoned to recitation; at five o’clock they shall attend prayers in the chapel, and be dismissed. From the twenty first of September until the twenty first of March, in each year, the students whilst in session, shall all return to their rooms at the ringing of the bell, at seven o’clock in the evening, and continue at study until half an hour after nine o’clock, and shall retire to bed by ten o’clock. From the twenty first of March until the twenty first of September, the students shall be dismissed from the evening prayers, until nine o’clock, at which time they shall all return to their rooms and remain within for the night. On Saturdays, the students shall be dismissed at noon, until nine o’clock in the evening. –
IV. Immediately upon the expiration of every vacation, the undergraduate students shall assemble at the College. And if any student shall no return to the College at the end of a vacation, or of the time of absence allowed him by the President, he shall be fined as hereafter directed, and the fine shall be charged in the quarter bills.
I. There shall be three examinations of the three under Classes in College in each year, at such times as the President may direct; the two first private, and the last public. The private examination shall extend to the studies pursued since the last examination - The public examination shall embrace all the studies of the preceding year.
II. There shall be one public examination of the Senior Class on the fourth Monday in May. This examination shall be rigid, and extend to the whole course of Collegiate literature; and the Students found well skilled in the liberal arts and sciences, shall be advanced to the standing of candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Arts. And having made all necessary preparation for Commencement, the President may give them leave of absence from the College, until the Saturday before Commencement.
III. If any student of the three under classes, shall appear on examination, deficient in those branches of knowledge, which, according to the regular course of literature in the College, he has been pursuing, it shall be the duty of the President to admonish him of such deficiency, that he may be excited to apply with greater diligence; and if, notwithstanding, at the
next examination, he shall appear to be unfit for his standing, he shall be degraded to the next lower class, or dismissed from the College. - The private examinations shall be conducted under the direction of the President, by the officers of College in their several departments, and in the presence of such literary gentlemen as may attend.
IV. In case of the sickness, absence, resignation, death, or any other incapacity of the President, it shall be the duty of the Senior Professor to exercise all the powers and studies of the President, until a successor is appointed.
Of the Prudential Committee.
I. There shall be appointed annually, at commencement, a committee, to be called, The Prudential Committee, consisting of not les than three members of the Board of Trustees, which committee shall be authorised, and required, to order such repairs of the College and other Collegiate buildings, and appurtenances, as they shall judge necessary, to audit accounts with the Treasurer; to examine and adjust all accounts against the College, which may be laid before them, and to do and manage all matters and things which shall be assigned them, by any resolve of the Board of Trustees.
II. The senior member present of the standing committee, shall preside at their meetings, but any member shall be authorised to call a meeting.
III. The Prudential Committee shall keep regular minutes of their meetings, and transactions, which shall be laid before the board at every meeting.
IV. The faculty of College may consult the Prudential Committee, when any difficulties occur in the government of the College.
Of Fines and Forfeitures.
I. Any student neglecting to attend morning or evening prayers or divine service on the Sabbath, may be fined in a sum not exceeding fifty cents, for being tardy, or departing without sufficient reason, not exceeding twenty five cents - for not returning to College, after vacation or on absence with leave, for every day, not exceeding fifty cents: - for any transgression mentioned in the Chapter on crimes and punishments, any sum at the discretion of the faculty not exceeding ten dollars.
II. Any student neglecting to return, at the time appointed, any book or books taken from the library, shall forfeit his privilege to use of the library for one month.
Of Crimes and Misdemeanors.
I. If any student shall be guilty of blasphemy, robbery, theft, forgery, fornication, or of any crimes for which infamous punishment may be inflicted by law, he shall be expelled.
II. If any student shall give accept or bear a challenge, or bear an acceptance of one to fight a duel, he shall be immediately expelled.
III. Of any student shall be guilty of profaneness, of fighting, or quarreling - if he shall play at cards or any other unlawful game: - if he shall use obscene language, or strike, or insult, any person, not being a member of the College - if he shall associate with persons of known bad character; visit taverns without liberty, appear in indecent dress or in woman’s apparel: - if he shall lie, get drunk or be guilty of other gross immoralities; - if he shall instigate or advise any student
to a refractory and stubborn behaviour, he shall, for either of these offences, be punished, by fine, admonition, suspension or expulsion, as the nature and circumstances of the case may require, in the judgment and discretion of the Faculty.
IV. If any student shall wilfully insult or strike any of the officers of College, he shall e suspended or expelled.
V. Whereas cases may occur, which are not expressly provided for by law, in all such cases, the President Professors and Tutors, shall proceed according to their best discretion, and may punish any scholar offending, by fine, admonition, suspension, or expulsion according to the nature and circumstances of his crime.
Of the Library; of the Museum; of the Philosophical
Chamber and Apparatus.
I. No person, except the President, the member of the Senatus Academicus, Professors Tutors, Secretary, resident graduates, and Senior and junior Sophisters shall have the liberty of taking books out of the library but by permission from the President. Provided that no student shall take more than three books out o f the library at one time.
II. The Librarian, shall be appointed by the President, and shall enter down in a bill, the title and size of every book borrowed out of the library; the name of the person who borrowed it, and the time when it was borrowed and returned; and for which, a reasonable compensation shall be paid by each Student who borrows. The librarian shall also note the injury done to any volume while in the possession of any person taking it out, and report the same to the Pre(sident)
(Pre)sident who shall assess the damages (to) be paid by such person - And in all cases such person shall be debarred the use of the library until such damages are paid.
III. The philosophical chamber, the apparatus room and apparatus, shall be under the care of the President & such Professor or Tutor as he may appoint to be the keeper of the same, who shall also be the keeper of the Museum.
IV. The President may prescribe and cause to be observed any other rules and regulations, in relation to the library, apparatus, and Museum, not incompatable with the with the foregoing laws, as he shall deem best calculated for the preservation thereof. Provided that such rules and regulations, shall be furnished to the librarian, and Keeper of the apparatus & Museum in writing.
I. In case the General Assembly of this State, shall during their present session, repeal the sixth section of an act, entitled An act to revise and amend an act “For the more full and complete establishment of a public seat of learning in this state passed the 27 of January 1785” - passed on the 16 December 1811, and the Trustees of the University shall establish commons, before the next meeting of the Senatus Academicus, the faculty of College, and the Trustees, shall cause to be observed as near as can be, the laws of Yale College upon the subject of Commons, until more suitable laws can be enacted by the proper authority.
Of College Dues, and Quarter Bills.
I. The college year shall commence on the first Monday in February. The first quarter shall end on the first Monday in May. The second on the first Monday in
August. The third on the first Monday in November; and the fourth on the first Monday in February.
II. Each student shall pay eight dollars per quarter, in the manner directed, by a resolution of the Board of Trustees, at a session held in Greensborough in February last.
Of Commencement and Academical Degrees.
I. No scholar may expect the honor of the first degree, who hath not altered and performed the course of collegiate exercises, as appointed by law, for the space of four years; except such as have been regularly admitted to an advanced standing, nor unless he shall also have produced, on the day before the Commencement, certificates from the treasurer, Steward, and librarian, that he has paid to them their respective dues.
II. No Candidate for the second degree, may expect the honor of the same, unless he shall have preserved a good moral character, and previously to the commencement, shall have signified to the President, his desire of the same.
III. All candidates for either degree shall be personally present unless in any instance, the President and the Board of Trustees shall judge it proper to confer the honor of a degree upon an absent candidate.
IV. All academical honors shall be given by the President, with the consent of the Board of Trustees: and the candidates for the first or second degree, shall each for the same, pay to the President, four dollars.
V. The candidates for either degree shall perform the public exercises which shall have been previously appointed for them by the President, and no public exhibition shall be made without such appointment, not without having been approved by the President. The President shall begin and
close the business, and public entertainments of the day, with prayer.
VI. There shall be no parade, illumination or fireworks at the time of the commencement, but by the permission and under the direction of the President.
VII. That the students may, as far as possible, be saved from the disgrace of public and known punishment, it is declared to be the duty of the President, Professors and Tutors, carefully and critically to watch over, and inspect the conduct and manners of the students at all times, and when necessary, to reprove and admonish them in a private manner.
VIII. The foregoing laws shall be subject to such alteration and amendments as may, at any time, be judged necessary.
IX. These laws shall be printed, and each student furnished with a copy thereof, nor shall any student be subject to the penalties, punishments, or censures herein contained, until at least ten days after he shall have been furnished with a copy as above mentioned.
I. The members of the Faculty shall give to the Board of Trustees six months notice of their intention to resign, if required.
II. The Faculty shall keep a register. At every examination the three Students in each class, who shall have distinguished themselves by their proficiency in learning & general propriety of deportment, shall be publicly announced to their fellow students and their names inserted in the register of the Faculty; and at each commencement there shall be particular performances assigned to the most distinguished students of the Senior class, designative of their respective merits.
III. Prizes for competition in composition and Speaking, and in such branches of learning as the Trustees shall prescribe, shall be proposed to the different classes, to be adjudged by the Faculty to such students as have excelled most.
IV. In the register kept by the Faculty, the names of all the students admitted shall be entered, and in successive columns shall also be noted their progress through the classes - marks of distinction conferred on them, departure, dismission, or graduation. To which shall be added an alphabetical index.
They shall also keep a book, in which shall be minutes all their transactions. And the register and minute books of the Faculty shall be laid before the Trustees at Athens; and may, at all times, be inspected by any individual Trustee.
V. When any student shall be expelled, suspended, or degraded, the President shall announce it in the Chapel after morning or evening prayers next evening.
VI. In all cases, the Faculty may accept an ingenuous public confession, and promise of reformation, except where the law requires expulsion.
VII. Every student, against whom the sentence of expulsion has been pronounced, may, by letter addressed to the President within ten days after the said sentence pronounced as aforesaid, appeal to the Board of Trustees, who at the session next thereafter shall make a final determination thereon.
VIII. No student shall be questioned for any testimony he may give in regard to a violation of a law or laws of this College; and in case any student shall so question his fellow student, to ascertain whether he hath so testified, with intent to bring him into contempt; or shall endeavor to bring into contempt any student, because he has so testified, the student so acting shall be deemed to have committed an offence, and may proceeded against by the Faculty, according to the aggravation of the offence even to dismission.
IX. Applicants for admission from any other college shall produce a regular dismission before their names are registered.
X. Accounts if the fines imposed shall be kept by the Faculty, and be charged in the quarter bills of the offending students.
Made, Enacted, and Ordained at Milledgeville the fifteenth day of November in the year of Our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America the forty first.
(SEAL) Governor & President
John Hodge Secy
of the University.
Tuesday 11th Nov. 1817
This being the (day) appointed by law for the meeting of the Senatus Academicus the following attended (to Wit) of the Board of Visitors His Excellency Governor Rabun the honorable Mathew Talbot President of the Senate Messrs Beasly Blackshear Brown Cleveland Cuthbert Fleming Foster Goldwire Griffin Groves Hardie Harris Hatcher Henly Hogg Hudspeth Lockhart T Mitchell Montgomery Piles Porter Powell Ryan Swain Thompson Vanbrackle Walker & Wimberly.
Of the Board of Trustees Messrs Paine Mitchell Charlton Cuthbert Meriwether Elliot & Harden. There being a quorum of each board the Senatus Academicus was announced as formed & ready to proceed to business Whereupon Mr. Senior professor Golding Pres. Ex officio of the Board of Trustees laid before the Board an annual Communication which was read by him.
The Minutes of the last Session of the Senatus Academicus were on Motion of Mr. Elliot, Ordered to be read.
On Motion of Mr. Mitchell the Minutes of the Board of Trustees made since
the last Meeting of the Senatus Academicus were read in lieu of the Report usually made by the Board of Trustees to the Senatus Academicus.
The Report of the Treasurer of the University containing a general view & statement of the funds of the institution was laid before the Senatus Academicus & ordered to be read.
Mr. Hudspeth presented a report of the state of Meson Academy which was read.
Adjourned untill tomorrow 4 O’Clock P.M.
Senate Chamber Wednesday Nov. 12th 1817
The Senatus Academicus met pursuant to adjournment present as yesterday with the addition of Messrs Blackman Emanuel North Mitchell & Mr. Speaker Williams.
The minutes of the last Meeting being read the Board of Trustees submitted a resolution of that body requesting this board to recommend a change in the mode of filling vacancies which may occur in the Board of Trustees.
On motion of Mr. John A Cuthbert the Resolution relative to future vacancies in the Board of Trustees was taken up & being read was agreed to -
On motion of Mr. John A Cuthbert the Resolved That the General Assembly of this state be & they are hereby requested to pass an act in conformity to the recommendation made by the Board of Trustees on the 12 Nov. 1817 relative to the mode of supplying such vacancies as may hereafter occur in said Board & that copies of this resolution be communicated to the President of the Senate, and Speaker of the House of Representatives -
On Motion of Mr. Meriwether Resolved that so much of the third section of the second Chapter of the laws of College as relates to the admission of Students from any other state, be and same is hereby repealed -
On Motion of Mr. Elliot – Resolved unanimously by the Senatus Academicus that the lamented death of the late President Findley having deprived Franklin College of an useful and highly important Officer, the Community of a conspicuous member, and his afflicted family of it’s only guide and support.
The Senatus Academicus entertains a just sense of the exalted worth of the deceased, and most unfeignedly mingle their regrets with those of the bereaved family for their common loss - ; And as a testimony of respect for the memory of Dr. Findley, they do strongly recommend to the Board of Trustees to continue the salary of that Officer to the end of the quarter in which he died, and to offer to his family the use of the president’s House & it’s appendages, untill
the same shall be required for the accommodation of his Successor -
And it is further unanimously resolved that the eldest son of the late Dr. Findley be educated at Franklin College free of any expense, so far as relates to any charges for tuition - And that a copy of these resolutions be handed by the Secretary to Mrs. Findley -
Adjourned untill tomorrow 4 o’clock P.M.
Senate Chamber, Thursday – The 13th Novr 1817
The Senatus Academicus met agreeably to adjournment.
Present of the board of Visitors. His excellency Governor Rabun, Messrs Beasly, Blackshear, Brown, Cleveland, Cuthbert, Emanuel, Fleming, Foster, Goldwire, Griffin, Groves, Harris, Hatcher, Henly, Hogg, Knight, Lockhart T. Mitchell, Montgomery, Pope, Porter, Powell, Ryan Swain, Thompson, Vanbrackel, Walker & Wimberly And of the Board of Trustees – Mr. professor Golding President ex officio – Mr. Paine, Charlton, Elliot, Cuthbert & Meriwether -
Mr. Elliot – made a report on the State & condition of the Academy of Liberty County, which was received & read. -
The Senatus Academicus then adjourned, sine die
Attest Wm Rabun Governor
Secy pro tem
Monday 9th Novr 1818
This being the day appointed by law for the meeting of the Senatus Academicus the following persons attended, to wit of the Board of Visistors.
His Excellency Governor Rabun The Honbl Matthew Talbot President of the Senate The Honbl Benjn Williams Speaker of the House of Representatives Messrs Blackshear, Brinson, Brown, Cleveland, Cuthbert, Foster, Gill, Grantland, Groves, Harris, Hatcher, Henly Hudspeth, Hurt, Lockhart, Miller, N. Mitchell, T. Mitchell, Montgomery, Porter, Rutherford, Sheffield Stephens, Thomas, Thompson, Walker, Whitehead Williams, Wimberly & Zachary – Of the Board of Trustees Messrs Paine, Cuthbert, Elliot, Meriwether Clayton, Campbell & Ware – Being a quorum of each board, the Senatus Academicus was formed, and proceeded to business – The Minutes from the last meeting were read.
A communication from the Revd N. S. S. Beman to the Board of Trustees announcing his resignation of the Presidency of the University, and a desire not to be presented as a candidate for that office to the Senatus Academicus was read together with a resolution of the Board of trustees thereon – Whereupon Mr. Cuthbert offered the following resolution, Resolved that the resolution of the Board of trustees nominating Dr. Ebenezer Porter President of the University be taken up; which being done, on motion of Mr. Stephens Resolved, that
the nomination of Doctor Ebenezer Porter as President of the University be and the same is hereby confirmed.
Mr. Walker presented a communication from the Richmond County Academy which was read –
On Motion of Mr. Campbell
Resolved that a Committee be appointed to make an immediate communication to Dr. Porter informing him of his appointment and requesting his acceptance – Ordered that Messrs Campbell, Elliot and Cuthbert be that Committee.
The Board adjourned ‘til tomorrow 4 Oclock.
10th Novr 1818
The Senatus Academicus met pursuant to adjournment. Present, his Excellency
The Honbl Matthew Talbot, the honbl Benjn Williams and the members of the Senate and Board of trustees as yesterday – Resolved that the nomination of Stephen Upson Esqr by the Board of Trustees as a Trustee to fill the vacancy of the Revd Hope Hull be & the same is hereby unanimously confirmed
Mr. Powel presented a communication from the trustees of the McIntosh County Academy which was read –
A resolution of the Board of Trustees recommending a law to be passed by the general Assembly requiring the Commissioners of the several Academies of the State to make an annual return to the Senatus Academicus of the State and condition of their respective academy
was taken up, read, amended, and is as follows
Resolved that it shall be, and it is hereby recommended to the Senate and house of representatives of the state of Georgia in General Assembly met to introduce a law which if enacted shall compel the Commissioners of the Academy of each County during its support in part or in whole by endowment from the state, under proper penalties to make to the Senator of said County an annual statement in writing of the funds, the branches of literature taught, the teachers, the number of scholars and of such other circumstances as they may deem important, of the Academy over which they preside and it is further resolved that the Secretary of this Board shall convey to the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the house of representatives a Copy of this resolution. –
A resolution of the Board of Trustees making it the duty of the Senators to lay before the Senatus Academicus a statement of the Academy of their County was taken up, read and the following substituted in lieu thereof
Whereas it is important that the Senatus Academicus presiding over the interests of the literature of the state should have minute and correct information of the condition of education in every section thereof, and the clause of the Charter of the University requiring that a report from each County containing that information should be laid before the board at each annual session, having by long disuse become almost obsolete – Resolved that it be and is hereby earnestly recommended to the Senators to make at all future sessions of the Senatus Academicus a report of the state of the Academies and of the schools in their several Counties –
Resolved that the Trustees of Franklin College lay before the Senatus Academcuis annually a correct statement of the number of students in said College, the studies they pursue the amount of tuition monies received, together with the names of the Officers & their respective Salaries.
On motion of Mr. Cuthbert
Resolved that in the government of the University, the Professor of Natural Philosophy & Chemistry shall be the second in grade to the President, the Professor of Mathematics in third grade, & the Professor of Languages in fourth grade of dignity & authority
The Senatus Academicus then adjourned Sine die
Test Wm Rabun
A.S. Clayton Secy pro tem. Governor
Monday 8th Novr 1819
This being the day appointed by law for the convention of the Senatus Academicus, the following Members attended to wit of the Board of Visitors, his Excellency Govr Clarke, The Hon. Mathew Talbot President of the Senate, The Hon David Adams Speaker of the H.R. Messrs Alston Baker Beck Bird Blackmon (sic) E Brown Hugh. Brown Clarke Cleveland Coffee, Cuthbert Flemming, Foster Garrison Goldwire, Groves Hathhorn, Holt, Hooper Johnston, Jordan Knight Lane, Lewis Lockhart McConnell, Milton Pentecost, Piles, Powell Reed, Robinson Rutherford Ryan Shorter, Smith Stocks Swain Thompson, Thweat Walker and Wimberly
Of the Board of Trustees Messrs. Paine, Clayton Meriwether Cobb, Campbell and Upson.
A communication being made by this board of Trustees to this body, informing them of the refusal of the Revd Ebenezer Porter to accept of the appointment of President of the University conferred on him at the last session, and that in consequence thereof they have appointed The Revd D.r Moses Waddel of South Carolina to that office pro tempore, and now nominate him for permanent appointment, On motion of Mr. Campbell, Resolved, That the nomination of the Revd Dr. Moses Waddel as President of the Univty of Georgia, be and the same is
hereby unanimously confirmed. It having also been communicated that Dr. Waddel is in attendance at the seat of Government, On Motion Resolved That Messrs Cobb Talbot and Adams be a committee to inform him or his appointment and requesting to know whether he will accept the same, and in case of his acceptance requesting further to inform this body at what time he will attend to take and subscribe the oath required by the Charter of the University which duty the committee forthwith performed and Mr. Talbot from it reported, that they had waited on the President and received his assurances that he foes accept of his appointment, and will qualify when the Senatus Academicus is ready to receive him Whereupon it was ordered that the same Com should wait on Dr. Waddel and conduct him into the Senate Chamber to take the necessary oath, which being done, His Excellency Governour Clarke administered the following Oath, to wit, I Moses Waddel do swear that I will support the Constitution of the United States and of the State of Georgia and will discharge the duties of President of the University to the best of my abilities and according to Law
Sworn & subscribed
to before John Clark Governor
The Secretary then read the minutes of the last session of the Senatus Academicus -
Mr. Talbot presented a report of the state of the Academy of Wilkes County -
Mr. Walker made a similar report of the state of the Academy in Richmond County Mr. Powell reported on the Academy of McIntosh County which were read and are of file in the Secretarys office, Mr. Milton of the County of Jefferson made a report which at his request and by concurance of the Board is here recorded, to wit. H.V. Milton from the County of Jefferson, states that his County has a good building, - but no Rector - consequently no scholars -
The members of the Senate then were calld on in order and made such verbal reports of the state of Literature in their respective Counties as their knowledge of facts would permit –
On Motion of Mr. Cuthbert the following resolution was agreed to – Resolved, That it shall be the duty of the President of the University to cause to be published in two more of the public Gazettes of this state, immediately after the Election on the 1st Monday in Octr for members of the Legislature, the resolutions of the Senatus Academicus of 1818 requiring the compliance with the 13th, 14th articles of Charter of the University –
On Motion, Resolved that Messrs Clayton Foster, Stocks, Cuthbert and Campbell be a committee to take into consideration the present state of Literature in each County, and report the best means of aiding their public Institutions, which are deficient in funds and to establish others in such Counties as are without any –
On Motion of Mr. Cobb, Resolved, That this body recommend to the General Assembly of this state so to amend the 13th article of the Charter of the University as to permit the President of that Institution to cause the several Academies to be visited, their order and performances examined into by commissioners to be by him constituted and appointed for that purpose, in cases where the President or some Members of the University are preventy (sic) by their duty from executing the said Clause of said Charter.
The Board adjourned to 3. o’clock to-morrow
Tuesday 9th Novr 1819
The Senatus Academicus convened as adjourned,
Mr. Jordan. Reported on the state of the Academy in Oglethorpe County
Mr Stocks from Greene County made a report of the Academies of his County
Mr. Brown from the County of Hancock reported on the state of the Academy in said County -
Mr. Lane Reported on the Morgan County Seminaries all which reports were read and ordered to be filed in the Secretarys office
Mr. Cobb from the board of Trustees read a report on the state of the University, a copy of which was ordered to be laid before the Senate and the House of Representatives
Mr. Campbell read and reported a Code of Laws for the government of Franklin College which was approved of and adopted -
Mr. Milton offered the following resolution which was agreed to,
Resolved, That this body do recommend to the General Assembly of this State, the propriety of appropriating out of the Treasury of the State a sum sufficient for the purpose of building a Grammar School, Edifice at the seat of the University of this State at Athens
The Senatus Academicus then adjourned Sine Die
John Clark Governor